The Framers of the Constitution intended Congress to be a deliberative body. This meant that it should thoroughly debate issues and avoid making hasty decisions. The bicameral structure of Congress made it difficult to pass laws, especially at the whim of popular majorities. The U.S. Senate website has the following excerpt related to the issue of bicameralism that includes the story of the "senatorial saucer."
"The use of the Senate," wrote James Madison in Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787, "is to consist in its proceedings with more coolness, with more system and with more wisdom, than the popular branch." An oft-quoted story about the "coolness" of the Senate involves George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, who was in France during the Constitutional Convention. Upon his return, Jefferson visited Washington and asked why the Convention delegates had created a Senate. "Why did you pour that tea into your saucer?" asked Washington. "To cool it," said Jefferson. "Even so," responded Washington, "we pour legislation into the senatorial saucer to cool it."
The slow process of congressional law-making often frustrates voters but careful consideration of legislation through deliberation, negotiation and compromise is one way our government protects our interests. What are your views about the bicameral nature of Congress as a means to produce good laws? Was the vision of the Founding Fathers of two bodies and one Congress the right choice?